Periodontitis is a gum infection that can affect the jawbones in its severest forms. It’s often caused by plaque and tartar buildup on a person’s teeth. Plaque contains bacteria, and as these bacteria replicate and grow, they lead to gum inflammation.
You’re at increased risk of getting periodontitis if you have gingivitis, don’t brush your teeth, smoke, are obese, or suffer from conditions that cause dry mouth.
Taking good care of your oral hygiene is the most important step in the prevention of periodontal disease. At All Smiles Dental Care in Hazlet, NJ, we recommend that you brush your teeth twice a day and floss at least once.
It’s encouraged that you stop smoking, keep your oral cavity from getting dry, and control your blood glucose levels. Staying away from risk factors and things that lower your immunity is important.
You should also regularly visit the dentist for a cleaning. At All Smiles Dental Care, we encourage you to follow these tips as preventing periodontal disease is preferred to treating it later on.
The treatment of periodontitis depends on its severity. We’ll try to remove plaque and tartar from a patient’s mouth to eliminate the source of infection first. Antibiotic rinses and gels, which are to be applied locally, are also utilized to kill bacteria. Sometimes, we’ll resort to oral antibiotics for stronger infections.
A persistent infection will need more drastic measures. These measures usually involve surgery. For example, we might need to elevate your gums to clean the roots of your teeth. This allows for more efficient and effective cleaning.
Severe periodontitis can lead to gum and bone loss. Weak or lost gums and bones will eventually lead to a loose tooth, which can fall off. We can use grafts to replace gums and bones. Gums are replaced by tissue from your palate. Bones are replaced using fragments from other bones in your body or using synthetic bone.
At All Smiles Dental Care, we understand that living with periodontitis can be scary. We encourage early diagnosis and treatment. Discovering the problem early before it increases in severity is much better than having to perform surgery later on.